1816-1819 - The First Seminole War

First Seminole War

   Soon after the conclusion of the War of 1812, the First Seminole War began, in 1816, as a result of General Andrew Jackson's excursions into Spanish Florida against the Seminoles.
   Great Britain and Spain both expressed outrage over the invasion by the United States.
   However, as several local uprisings and rebellions by American and british settlers had been occurring, in Spanish controlled Florida, Spain was no longer able to defend or control the territory.

   During the first Seminole Indian War, the Seminoles attacked the early settlements.

   In 1819, Spain agreed to cede Florida to the United States with the signing of the Adams–Onís Treaty. The official transfer taking place in 1821.

   According to the terms of the 1923 Treaty of Moultrie Creek, between the United States and Seminole Nation, the Seminoles were removed from Northern Florida to a reservation in the center of the Florida peninsula.
   Much of the land for this first Seminole reservation was located in modern day Lake County.

   The United States began building forts and trading posts throughout the Gulf coast and the East coast, then known as Mosquito County, in order to enforce the treaty and defend the settlers against the Seminoles.

[Contributors: Jason Brown]

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